Agriculture in the world generates two-thirds of total employment, provides food to the increasing population with a contribution of a 25% of total export earnings. Farming and animal husbandry play a vital inter-dependent role in the mixed-farming system with the help of livestocks to perform multiple functions. This includes provision of food, nutrition, income, savings, manure and other social/ cultural/ family functions.
Almost all draught power for all farm operations and transportation is supplied by bullocks. People who are poor and landless still use common property resources, roadsides, open grazing areas and water bodies for maintenance of their livestock. Cattles are the most important farm animals. Small producers/ farmers possess the majority of them and they are directly linked to family income, nutrition and welfare. Dairy farming can also be taken up as a main occupation around big urban centers where the demand for milk is high. Thus there is a tremendous scope/ potential for increasing the milk production.
Dairying is an important source of subsidiary income to small/ marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. The manure from animals provides a good source of organic matter for improving soil fertility and crop yields. The gober gas from the dung is used as fuel for domestic purposes as also for running engines for drawing water from well. The surplus fodder and agricultural by-products are gainfully utilised for feeding the animals.
Since agriculture is mostly seasonal, there is a possibility of finding employment throughout the year for many persons through dairy farming. Thus, dairy also provides employment throughout the year. The main beneficiaries of dairy programmes are small/ marginal farmers and landless labourers, who play a very important role in milk production of the country. A farmer can earn a gross surplus per year from a unit consisting of 2 milking buffaloes. Even more profits can be earned depending upon the breed of animal, managerial skills and marketing potential.
While animal husbandry is a part of our mixed farming, the system of production is still not well integrated and maximum value is not always gained from the inputs and outputs. There is scope for basic improvements which can lead to greater integration and productivity through the produce.
Small milk producers/ marginal farmers play a key role in dairy markets. They sell their surplus milk directly to consumers or milk supplier/ middlemen/ Unions or at local markets for up to 25-50% less for their milk.
We promote the empowerment of small dairy farmers, both men and women, families in the value chain and business ownership/ management process. This encourages their participation in rural areas with a complete package of milk production-enhancing technologies, organizational skills and a milk collection-processing-marketing system.
This objective helps to increase the number of small producers/ farmers involved in profitable milk production and in dairy value chains through diversification and better integration of their own household/ farm resources to businesses.
The Central and State Governments Institutions are giving considerable financial assistance to create infrastructure facilities for milk production.
Loan from banks with refinance facility is also available for starting Dairy Farm Project.
NABARD – National Bank For Agriculture and Rural Development
VISION – Development Bank of the Nation for Fostering Rural Prosperity.
MISSION – Promote sustainable and equitable agriculture and rural development through participative financial and non-financial interventions, innovations, technology and institutional development for securing prosperity.
Pioneering Rural Management – Education & Research