Researchers have found that the earliest evidence for Dairy consumption in East Asia, dated to about 3000 BC, a finding reveals arrival and evolution of animal husbandry in prehistoric Mongolia.

Scientists from Max Planck lnstitute of Human History, Germany put light on Pastoralism which is a form of animal husbandry, historically by nomadic people who moved with their herds. The species involved include various herding livestock, including cattle, camels, goats, yaks, llamas, reindeer, horses and sheep.

Pastoral farming (also known in some regions as ranching, livestock farming or grazing) is aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops. Examples include dairy farming, raising beef cattle, and raising sheep for wool. In contrast, arable farming  concentrates on crops rather than livestock. In their study, published in “Nature Ecology & Evolution”, they analyzed crusty deposits that can trap stains on the teeth called dental calculus from individuals ranging from the Early Bronze Age to the time period of the Mongol Empire. Three-quarters of all individuals unearthed contained evidence that they had consumed dairy foods, revealing the widespread importance of this food source in both prehistoric and historic Mongolia. There is also evidence for dairy consumption in East Asia, identified in an individual form Afanasevo region, which dates to roughly 3000 B.C.The Afanasevo economy included cattle, sheep, and goat. Horse remains, either wild or domestic, have also been found. The Afanasevo people became the first food-producers in the area. Tools were manufactured from stone (axes, arrowheads), bone (fish-hooks, points) and antler. Among the antler pieces are objects that have been identified as possible cheek-pieces for horses. Artistic representations of wheeled vehicles found in the area has been attributed to the Afanasevo culture. Ornaments of copper,  silver and gold have also been found. Early Bronze Age Afanasevo migration westward as a viable candidate for the introduction of dairy and domestic livestock in to eastern Eurasia.

Edited by Sunil Mahuli for Grino ConsulTech, courtesy-Times of India